ONCOLOGY

Lung Cancer

The term cancer refers to a class of diseases in which a group of cells begin to grow uncontrollably and invade and destroy adjacent tissues. Sometimes, the cancerous cells spread to other parts of the body through the lymph system or through our blood - a process known as metastasis. Most cancerous cells form a tumor or tumors while some, like leukemia, do not.

 

Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Lung cancer begins in the lungs, where cancerous cells multiply and form tumours that invade and destroy normal tissue.

The most common form of lung cancer is non-small-cell lung cancer, or NSCLC. The other main form is known as small-cell lung cancer or SCLC.

The main risk factor for lung cancer is smoking. People who live or work around people who smoke are at an elevated risk because they are exposed to second-hand smoke.

In treating NSCLC, physicians will consider the patient's general health, the type of cancer and the stage of the illness. Treatments may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and/or targeted therapies.

If you have been diagnosed with NSCLC, it is important to work together with your health care team - asking questions and exploring all your treatment options. This can help you take back some control and alleviate the anxiety that commonly comes with a cancer diagnosis. In addition, patient advocacy and support groups can offer information and support services.

For any further specific healthcare related inquiries, please consult your healthcare professional.

 

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a cancer that affects the inside lining of the chest cavity.

Mesothelial cells line the chest cavity, abdominal cavity, and the cavity surrounding your heart, and cover the outer surface of most of your internal organs. These cells help protect your organs by producing a special lubricating fluid that allows organs to move around. In the lungs, this fluid makes it easier for the lungs to move inside the chest during breathing.

The main risk factor for developing mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos. Although rare in our country, MPM is a serious disease and by the time symptoms appear, the cancer is often in an advanced stage.

If you have been diagnosed with MPM, your health care team will consider your general health and the type and stage of the cancer when making treatment recommendations. Such treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy - or a combination of these.

For more information, please speak to your doctor.

 

References:
  1. Source: Papadakis MA, McPhee SJ, Rabow MW. Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment. 54th ed. Lange; 2015.
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